There are number of glands in human body which secret different hormones necessary for our living. A little misbalance in their secretion may cause serious health problems in our body. Thyroid is one of such gland which is found in the lower neck of our body.
Thyroid secrets thyroxin and tryiodo thysenin. Due to iodine deficiency in our body the balance between the two hormones change. There are many diagnostic tests like T3, T4, T F and TSH which helps us to know the problem in thyroid gland.
There are two types of situation –
Hypothyroid – wherein the thyroxin is produced less than what is required. Less than normal secretion of thyroid gland leads to obesity and loss of internal body temperature. It is the most common type of thyroid problem and women are more prone than men.
Hyperthyroid – where there is more secretion of thyroxin. In case of hyper thyroid the patient cannot bear heat, the body temperature is usually high , they tend to loose weight and get excited and irritated very easily.
Other effects of thyroid problem –
Thyroid misbalance has many side effects.
1. Young children who have hypothyroid often have delayed or abnormal development of brain.A lack of thyroid hormones in the system at an early age can lead to the development of cretinism (mental retardation) and dwarfism (stunted growth). Most infants now have their thyroid levels checked routinely soon after birth. If they are hypothyroid, treatment begins immediately. A hypothyroid infant is unusually inactive and quiet, has a poor appetite and sleeps for excessively long periods of time.
1. Usually people do not take problem of thyroid very seriously but due to its hormonal misbalance it leads to misbalance in cholesterol and lipoprotein which leads to heart problems.
There are medicines to bring back the balance back for this it is advised to consult a doctor and have the full prescribed course of medicine. It is also important to keep a regular check as thyroid problem tend to reoccur.
Acupressure may help in normalizing the secretion of thyroid. The sensitive points of thyroid gland exist just below the thumb finger of hands and toes. In case on hypothyroid the movement should be clockwise and in case of hyper thyroid it should be done on anticlockwise. However it is advised to go for a specialist for initial treatment and then can be practiced at home.
As far as daily life is concerned it is important to keep our body detoxify by eating more fibrous food , vegetables and fruits and exercise regularly.