Dengue, malaria, and chikungunya are very common during the rainy season. All these diseases are spread by different species of mosquitoes, which accumulate in stagnant water around neighborhoods and houses during the rainy season as these provide the most suitable breeding ground for such insects. Dengue is the most fatal viral disease faced during this season, as it weakens the immune system. Dengue commonly caused a high fever, intense muscle and joint pains, and headaches.
Sometimes it can lead to internal bleeding. Dengue typically occurs due to 4 types of viruses, and is spread by aedes mosquitoes. On the positive side, it is noncontagious and once a person gets dengue, he becomes immune to all four strains of the virus and he is unlikely to have dengue again within his lifetime.
Unlike with malaria carrying insects, aedes mosquitoes bite in daytime and only the female bites, as she requires blood for reproduction. Female aedes mosquitoes are smaller in size than the usual mosquitoes, and have white spots on their bodies. The females usually will bite on your legs or back, thus injecting viral saliva into your body.
When suffering from dengue, fever can be between 103 and 104 F° and can last 2 to 7 days. The fever is often combined with headache, pain in area around the eyes, joint and muscle soreness, stomach cramps, and, in extreme cases, developing of red spots on the hands and body, reduced urination, difficulty breathing, and extreme drowsiness.
Dengue is diagnosed by counting the body’s platelets. When a patient is suffering from dengue, their platelet level decreases everyday.
There is no antibiotic for dengue, and the medicines given are merely to provide relief from symptoms. The patient should get plenty of rest and increase their fluid intake. Sometimes, intravenous fluids will be required. If platelet levels drop significantly, then a transfusion may be required.
The best precaution to take in order to prevent dengue is maintaining a hygienic environment. Look for stagnant water in tanks, terraces, or stacked containers in all parts of your home, as all these provide a suitable breeding ground for mosquitoes. Try to clean such items regularly and avoid allowing any water to accumulate inside them. Dispose of your garbage daily. Use mosquito repellent sprays inside and outside your home.
School authorities should also ensure that their premises are clean, as children spend most of the time at school. Parents should ensure that their children are dressed properly, wearing long sleeves, pants, or skirts.