High blood pressure is a disease where the pressure of the blood on the walls of the arteries is higher than normal. The change in blood pressure is due to age and our life style.
High blood pressure is a serious health problem as continuous high blood pressure may lead to problems in the heart, the kidney and the brain.
Blood pressure is summarised by two measurements, systolic and diastolic, which depend on whether the heart muscle is contracting (systole) or relaxed between beats (diastole) and equate to a maximum and minimum pressure, respectively. Normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100-140mmHg systolic (top reading) and 60-90mmHg diastolic (bottom reading). High blood pressure is said to be present if it is persistently at or above 140/90 mmHg.
High blood pressure can affect the functioning of various organs of the body
Effect on Brain – high blood pressure is a common cause of brain stroke. It may also lead to brain hemorrhage
Effect on Heart – the organ which is the first to be affected is the heart. High blood pressure is found to be a common cause of heart attack.
Effect on Eyes – people with high blood pressure often get hemorrhage in the retina which may affect their vision.
Effect on kidney – high blood pressure hinder the proper function of the kidney.Sometimes problem in the kidney can also lead to high blood pressure.
Effect on arteries – high blood pressure put pressure on the artery wall. Sometimes they burst out and cause internal hemorrhage.
Symptoms of high blood pressure
High blood pressure is called a hidden disease as it does not have any physical symptoms but in a tense situation it can really erupt and can cause harm. In some person, High blood pressure can cause headache, increase in heartbeat, weakness and nausea.
High blood pressure can be controlled by change in diet, quitting smoking(for smokers). Cutting down on sodium(salt) intake, regular exercise and a tension free life.
There are medicines available for high blood pressure. But along with taking prescribed medicines it is important to keep a watch on you blood pressure daily. Blood pressure medicines can temporarily bring down the pressure on the arteries, however, if prescribed they should be taken religiously. Blood Pressure may increase again if you suddenly discontinue taking these medicine. It is thus important to check blood pressure regularly.
Regular exercise is necessary for people who have high blood pressure or are obese. Exercise not only improves blood circulation but also helps in loosing excessive fat in the body. If you are obese, you need to act quickly & improve your lifestyle because obese people are at a higher risk of having high blood pressure.