In summer dehydration and heat stroke is very common, particularly in tropical countries. Some people even die due to them. However, there are simple precautions that can take to avoid dehydration and heat stroke.
Precautions in Daily life
- Never go outside in empty stomach. Always have something light and drink water , coconut water or lemon juice after short intervals.
- Never drink water or take a bath, immediately after coming from outside. Our body temperature increases when we are outside and drinking water or taking bath may imbalance our internal and external body temperature.
- Avoid eating fried stuff and use less oil in cooking.
- Eat green vegetables like sponge gourd, gourd, lotus shoot. They have high water content and have a cooling effect on our digestive system. Avoid spices like mace, nutmeg, cinnamon as they are hot in nature and increase body temperature.
- Eat beaten rice, dalia(broken wheat), idly for breakfast.
- Avoid tea and coffee.
- Eat green mango, onion and mint daily with food either in chutney or salad.
- Eat less than your appetite.
In summer due to heat the body needs more water. Lack of water in the body lead to dehydration. To avoid this situation it is recommended that you drink water or take liquids frequently. In the market we find a lot of companies selling health drinks and drinks which claim to have vitamins and minerals added. But try to have homemade drinks from natural sources.
Coconut water – It is available in most of the countries. In India for example it is found in abundance in southern india and eastern india.
Coconut milk – It also has a cooling property . coconut milk is extracted by grinding the raw coconut with some water. It has more calories than coconut water.
Bel juice – Bel is known for its cooling property. It is made by mashing the bel pulp , taking out the seeds and fibre and then adding water and sugar.It can cure stomach infection and ulcer, and is a low in calories.
Lemon juice – lemon juice or shikanji can be made at home very easily. It is good in case of indigestion, fever, dehydration.
Mint juice – Mint is a natural source of peppermint which has cooling properties. It cures heatstroke, stomach acidity, fever and weakness.
Kokum juice – In Maharashtra specially, kokum juice is a daily drink in summer. Kokum can also helps in case of indigestion and nausea.
Jaljira – it is a kind of spicy sour drink made from Amchur’ raw and dried mango, mint, black salt and cumin powder. It works wonder in case of stomach ache, acidity and gastric problems.
Lassi – Lassi is made from sour curd, sugar and water. Some people use cumin and red chilli powder instead of sugar. Curd has a cooling property and it has probiotic bacteria, which makes the digestive system strong.
Wearing the right cloth
Avoid wearing heavy & dark colour fabrics. Avoid wearing synthetic fabric, go for light cotton fabric. Avoid stepping outside during sunny hours. In case you need to go then take an umbrella and try to keep your body covered as much as possible
Wear comfortable cloths while exercising since we tend to sweat more in summer because our drenched cloths may get stuck to our body and make us feel uncomfortable.
If you are wearing socks then apply some talcum powder before wearing them. If possible, exercise before sunrise or after sunset-in the evening.
Drink water after short interval during exercise. You may add glucose for extra energy.
Consult a doctor if you are feeling weak, extremely thirty, reeling head, heat pain, dry throat, sleeplessness.