In early days people used to live in large families ….old, young and kids all together and elder people used to have an experience of what to eat and how much to eat and they used to decide on food preparation according to season and thus used to stay healthy….. but today’s generation have lost that information.
In Indian Ayurveda it is clearly mentioned that food habits should change according to season. For example in India winter season is usually between starting of November till end of January. It is advised that people should therefore slowly increase their diet 15 days after starting of winter and should eat comparatively less at the end of winter season.
There is a reason behind it. As the winter approaches the days become shorter and we do not get enough sunrays. To balance the body our system remains hot than the outside environment and this stimulates the digestive system hence the food eaten at night easily gets digested in the morning and thus in winter it is advised to have healthy wholesome breakfast….. Which should include protein ( milk, eggs), carbohydrate ( bread, chappati, paratha) , vegetables and nuts ( cashew, almonds).
For lunch and dinner in winter season, people should have more of wheat products like, bread, chappati, paratha and food made with semolina as these help to keep our system warm. Sugarcane juice and jaggery should be eaten on daily basis. As far as vegetables are concerned we get fresh vegetables like, spinach, tomato, fenugreek, pigweed, gourd, which are good source of calcium and iron and should be eaten on daily basis. For non vegetarians eating one egg daily is advised. Chicken and fish can also be consumed on alternate days.
For people who are primarily vegetarian eating amla is must. Amla is easily available in winter season is the richest source of Vitamin C. Eating one amla everyday helps to fight against bacterial and viral diseases.
People should also have one sweet dish in the night preferably it should include nuts and saffron. If it is not possible then one can chew 2 cloves of garlic or simply chew some peanuts and jaggery.