You may have come across children who suffer from itching leading to red patches on their body. I remember in my school there was a boy, named Rohan, whom his classmates used to tease by calling him ‘khujli’ since he had a habit of itching and nobody wanted to sit beside him. Even some teachers used to be afraid of touching him. He was in our school for 2 months only and then his parents shifted him to another school. Today I feel pity for him. Itching in children is very common and is called eczema in medical terminology. It is a kind of allergic reaction which leads to redness and swelling of affected area. The primary reason behind eczema in children is the lack of protein, which makes their skin sensitive causing itching, burning sensation, rashes, cracks and sometimes the skin may even turn black.
Atopic dermatitis or Eczema can happen to children from the age of 2 months to 6 months and can aggravate as the child grows up.
The cause of atopic dermatitis is still not very clear, but conditions such as lack of lipid secretion, dehydration, dry skin and hereditary have found to be linked with eczema. Regular use of antibiotics to cure common cough & cold and history of asthma or eczema in the family increases the risk of having eczema.In most cases the probability of having eczema cannot be controlled.However, there are few factors that can increase the swelling, pain and irritation and these should be controlled if you have a member in your family who is suffering from or is prone to Eczema.
- Dust particles and dirt increases the itching
- Pets in your house
- Cold and dry weather
- Treat flu & other viral/bacterial infection immediately, before they develop into an allergy.
- Check if the patient is allergy to woolen cloths. Use synthetic or cotton based fabric only.
- Dry Skin is eczema prone. Keep skin moisturized even in summers.
- Avoid tension and stress.
- Avoid swimming in community pool.
- Avoid being in too cold or too hot temperature zone.
- Avoid perfumes, soaps and creams that causes itching.
Eczema usually occur in the following regions–
- Behind the knee,
- Under the elbow
- On the sides or under the neck
- Around the eyes and behind the ears
- In young children this can happen on face , hands and legs.
Severe itching is the main symptom of eczema which may later develop into red patches. There are allopathic and homeopathic medicines available to cure eczema, but usually the treatment takes time & it is important to be patient during this period.